Jeanne d'Arc (also known as Johanna of Orleans or the Virgin of Orléans) was a warrior who fought against the English on the French side during the Hundred Years War and is now revered in France as a national heroine, martyr and saint.
Charlemagne Carolus Magnus (Charlemagne) was born in 747 or 748 as the son of King Pippin III. born in the Frankish kingdom. His later dominion encompassed much of today's France, western and southern Germany, Italy and Spain. It was he who was able to regain the imperial dignity since antiquity.