Category Archives: The Middle Ages

Giant gun “Mons Meg”

The giant gun "Mons Meg" was a cannon made in Scotland, which was used mainly for sieges to destroy enemy positions. So the gun was used in 1489 at the siege Dumbarton Castle to support the siege. Later, the gun was alienated for salute shots at the wedding of Maria Stuarts with the Dauphin of France. 1681...
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Giant gun “Dulle Griet of Ghent”

The "Dulle Griet of Ghent" was a giant gun in the Middle Ages, which was used by the Belgian city of Ghent. Built around 1435, it served during the siege of Oudenaarde to destroy the fortifications there. However, when the Belgian attackers had to retreat, the gun fell into the hands of the enemy. It was...
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Giant gun “Pumhart von Steyr”

The "Pumhart von Steyr" was a giant gun used in the Middle Ages which was made in Styria in Austria and measured by caliber, which had been the largest known wrought-iron bombard. The gun was a gift to the Austrian Emperor Friedrich III. and was used primarily for the siege war and to destroy enemy fortifications. According...
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Giant gun “Lazy Grete” (Faule Grete)

As the "Lazy Grete" was called a medieval giant gun, which served their service in the German Order. In 1409 the gun was cast by the gun caster Heynrich Dumechen in the Maria Gießhaus and cost at that time around 278.5 marks, which corresponded to about 1160 oxen. In 1413 Margrave Frederick I of Brandenburg borrowed the...
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Galleon

The galleon was developed in Spain in the 16th century as a pure, ocean-going sailing ship and dominated the naval warfare for 2 centuries.   These ships were used especially for the traffic between the colonies and the homeland and used beside Spain later also from Portugal, England and Holland. By developing large ship cannons and removing...
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Galleasse

The galeasse was an evolution of the galley. With the development of the gun ports and larger ship cannons that could now be mounted alongside the ships, the oars were gradually removed and the ships were used completely as sailing ships. In contrast to the galleys, the galleys were also superior in terms of draft,...
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Galley

The galley was designed for the Mediterranean ship consisting of oars and sails. Like most predecessors, this ship type was designed for speed. It was equipped with an overwater spur at the bow, which was more suitable for boarding than ramming, especially since the tactics of ramming over time lost over the boarding.   During the 14th...
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