The Israel Defense Forces, like most modern armed forces, are divided into 3 divisions (Army, Navy and Air Force). The total strength of the army is around 176,500 soldiers, plus about 565,000 reservists.
Conscription is compulsory in Israel, 21 months for women and 36 months for men.
The Israeli military does not have different ranks for its forces, as is customary in other armed forces. Except for the color of the Navy (gold on a blue background), all ranks and badges are the same.
Israeli team's ranks
- Tura’i (טוראי) (marksman)
- Tura’i Rischon (טוראי ראשון) (Private first class)
- Rav-Tura’i (רב טוראי) (Upper private first class)
- Samal (סמל) (Staff private first class)
- Samal Rischon (סמל ראשון) (Junior sergeant)
Tura’i (marksman) (1), Tura’i Rischon (Private first class) (2), Rav-Tura’i (Upper private first class) (3), Samal (Staff private first class) (4), Samal Rischon (Junior sergeant) (5)
Israeli noncommissioned officer's ranks
- Rav-Samal (רב סמל) (Master sergeant)
- Rav-Samal Rischon (רב סמל ראשון) (First sergeant)
- Rav-Samal Mitkadem (רב סמל מתקדם) (Sergeant)
- Rav-Samal Bachir (רב סמל בכיר) (Sergeant Major)
- Rav-Negad Mischne (רב נגד משנה)
- Rav-Negad (רב נגד)
Rav-Samal (Master sergeant) (6), Rav-Samal Rischon (First sergeant) (7), Rav-Samal Mitkadem (Sergeant) (8), Rav-Samal Bachir (Sergeant Major) (9),Rav-Negad Mischne (10), Rav-Negad (11)
Israeli officer's ranks
- Segen Mischne (סגן-משנה) (Second lieutenant)
- Segen (סגן) (First lieutenant)
- Seren (סרן) (Captain)
- Rav-Seren (רב סרן) (Major)
- Sgen Aluf (סגן אלוף) (Lieutenant colonel)
- Aluf Mischne (אלוף משנה) (Colonel)
Segen Mischne (Second lieutenant) (12), Segen (First lieutenant) (13), Seren (Captain) (14), Rav-Seren (Major) (15), Sgen Aluf (Lieutenant colonel) (16), Aluf Mischne (Colonel) (17)
Israeli general ranks
- Tat-Aluf (תת-אלוף) (Brigadier General)
- Aluf (אלוף) (Major general)
- Rav-Aluf (רב-אלוף) (Lieutenant general)
Tat-Aluf (Brigadegeneral) (18), Aluf (Major general) (19), Rav-Aluf (Lieutenant general) (20)
You can find the right literature here:
The Secret of Israel’s Power
This is the inside story on how Israel became a military technology powerhouse within less than two generations, told by Brigadier Uzi Eilam. The story blends the broad view of a person who led the creation of incredibly far-sighted R&D programs, with intimate portraits of the main players in a complex strategy that spans continents, corporations and armies.
Eilam’s story focuses on Israel’s decision to add technology to the military factor when creating attack and defense mechanisms, against its threats. Eilam also tells how Israel, with its persistence, courage and “chutzpa”, made a very successful journey and was able to create an internationally competitive space program.
More than any other account, this book explains how a very small country was able to make a concentrated use of its limited assets with astute leverage of international relationships while at the same time, create the backbone of Israeli civilian technology industries.
Transforming Command: The Pursuit of Mission Command in the U.S., British, and Israeli Armies
On today's complex, fragmented, fast-moving battlefield, where combatants adapt constantly to exploit one-another's weaknesses, there is a demonstrable requirement for military commanders to devolve a high level of autonomy of decision-making and action to leaders on the ground. An effective model for doing this has existed for some time in the form of mission command and has been utilized by the U.S., Israeli, and British Armies―but with mixed success. This book examines in depth the experiences of the armed forces of each of these countries in implementing mission command, and reveals the key factors that have determined the success or failure of the implementation―factors such as the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA), the spread of low-intensity conflicts and operations other than war, and differences in how military cultures interpret, articulate, and exercise the command function. It has significant implications for both the development of military doctrine and the training and education of tomorrow's military leaders.
Raid on the Sun: Inside Israel's Secret Campaign that Denied Saddam the Bomb
The first authorized inside account of one of the most daring—and successful—military operations in recent history
From the earliest days of his dictatorship, Saddam Hussein had vowed to destroy Israel. So when France sold Iraq a top-of-the-line nuclear reactor in 1975, the Israelis were justifiably concerned—especially when they discovered that Iraqi scientists had already formulated a secret program to extract weapons-grade plutonium from the reactor, a first critical step in creating an atomic bomb. The reactor formed the heart of a huge nuclear plant situated twelve miles from Baghdad, 1,100 kilometers from Tel Aviv. By 1981, the reactor was on the verge of becoming “hot,” and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin knew he would have to confront its deadly potential. He turned to Israeli Air Force commander General David Ivry to secretly plan a daring surgical strike on the reactor—a never-before-contemplated mission that would prove to be one of the most remarkable military operations of all time.
Written with the full and exclusive cooperation of the Israeli Air Force high command, General Ivry (ret.), and all of the eight mission pilots (including Ilan Ramon, who become Israel’s first astronaut and perished tragically in the shuttle Columbia disaster), Raid on the Sun tells the extraordinary story of how Israel plotted the unthinkable: defying its U.S. and European allies to eliminate Iraq’s nuclear threat. In the tradition of Black Hawk Down, journalist Rodger Claire re-creates a gripping tale of personal sacrifice and survival, of young pilots who trained in the United States on the then-new, radically sophisticated F-16 fighter bombers, then faced a nearly insurmountable challenge: how to fly the 1,000-plus-kilometer mission to Baghdad and back on one tank of fuel. He recounts Israeli intelligence’s incredible “black ops” to sabotage construction on the French reactor and eliminate Iraqi nuclear scientists, and he gives the reader a pilot’s-eye view of the action on June 7, 1981, when the planes roared off a runway on the Sinai Peninsula for the first successful destruction of a nuclear reactor in history.
Modern Israeli Tanks and Infantry Carriers 1985–2004
Over the last two decades, the Israel Defence Force (IDF) has introduced a variety of new AFVs. Old models such as the M48 and M60 have been improved beyond recognition, in the form of the Magach 7. The performance of Israel's indigenous Merkava tank has been similarly enhanced with new variants and the new Merkava 4 MBT has recently entered service. Israeli infantry have also received machines such as the Achzarit assault carrier, the Puma combat engineer vehicle and the Nagmachon and Nakpadon (tank-based carriers intended for low intensity conflicts). This book examines the design, modification and combat history of these formidable fighting machines.