At the beginning of the New Kingdom around 1550 BC, there was a new military restructuring in Egypt. After the former occupiers, the Hyksos were expelled, the Egyptians took over the chariot technology of the enemy, but changed them to their means.
The Egyptian chariots were made of wood and leather and were designed by the lightweight construction for speed and maneuverability. It was pulled by two horses and could reach back to a small turning radius due to its far rear axle with its widely spaced storage wheels.
Manning the chariots were usually with two men. One served the vehicle as a driver, the other performed the attacks or defense by attacking the enemies with a bow and arrow or spears or defending himself and the driver with a shield against attacks. It also happened that these chariots were accompanied during the campaigns of armored runners and could fully dedicate themselves to the attack.
It was noticeable at the time, however, that the car fighters were mostly wealthy nobles, because not only the purchase of a chariot was associated with high costs and the maintenance and repair devoured for that time a lot of money.
Another use of the chariot was to use this as a status symbol or even as a state coach as can be seen from the example of the car of Tutankhamun.
This post is also available in: Deutsch (German) Français (French) Italiano (Italian) 简体中文 (Chinese (Simplified)) Русский (Russian) Español (Spanish) العربية (Arabic)