The maces, or also known as flails, have emerged from the evolution of the earliest club and form the principle of impact on the body by force.
Unlike clubs, however, maces mostly consisted of a wooden handle, later of metal, and a massive head. This consisted of a metallic bullet or sharp bats, which could significantly increase the power unlike the club and so could inflict far more serious injuries.
Already in ancient Egypt maces were used. However, their heyday did not experience until the Middle Ages, as increasingly heavy armor swords and lances withstood, but not the clout of a mace. Although these weapons were frowned upon by their mass production, that is, not exclusive enough, as well as their close relationship to tools in the nobility, but was often used in the foot soldiers. Only with the advent of ranged weapons and the associated decline in heavy body armor, the mace also gradually lost its meaning.