Battleship SMS Baden (1915)

The large-line ship SMS Baden was the second ship of the Bayern class and the last in the war still finished large-line ship and belonged to the time to the most modern ships.


Launching and design:

The Baden belonged to the Bayern class and was a further development of the Nassau class, which was intended as a counterweight for the newly emerged British dreadnought ships. The experience of the Nassau ships accordingly flowed into the development of the Bayern class, which particularly concerned the caliber of heavy guns and armor.

On December 20, 1913, the construction began. Due to the withdrawal of the shipyard workers in the military service and the scarcity of raw materials due to the First World War, delayed the construction of Baden significantly. In addition, after the launch on 30 October 1915 other projects were preferred, so that the ship could not be commissioned until 19 October 1916.


SMS Baden




Use in the war:

Until mid-March 1917, the Baden trial and practice runs before it was officially handed over to the Navy and served as the flagship of the High Seas Fleet.

Since after the Battle of the Skagerrak from May 31, 1916 to June 1, 1916, the focus of the naval warfare was once again on the submarine war, remained the largest part of the deep-sea fleet again in the ports without undressing. The last use of Baden was on 23 and 24 April 1918 to attack a reported in Norwegian waters British convoy. However, this could not be found and the company was canceled.

The planned decisive battle against the British Navy in October 1918 could also not be carried out because on the larger warships, the sailors began to revolt and stop executing the orders. So Baden stayed with this company, like the rest of the fleet in the ports.


SMS Baden





One condition of the truce between the German Empire and the Allies was the internment of the deep-sea fleet in the British naval port Scapa Flow. Initially, SMS Baden was not on the list of ships to be interned, instead SMS Mackensen, still under construction, was in its place. However, the mistake was quickly found and the list changed accordingly, so that the Baden had to be delivered.

On January 7, 1919, the trip to Scapa Flow, where the ship was at anchor with the other German ships. The self-lowering order was finally executed on June 21, 1919, and the sea valves of the ships were opened. However, in contrast to the other ships, the sinking of swimming was very slow, so that British ships could still sink into shallow waters before the ship ground.


Work on the Scapa Flow based SMS Baden, in the background is the Frankfurt to see


Until July, British engineers sealed the ship and pumped the water out so it was operational again.

Subsequently, the Baden served other British ships as a target ship until it was sunk on 16 August 1921 southwest of Portsmouth.




Ship data:


SMS Baden


German Empire

Ship Type:  





F. Schichau, Danzig


ca. 49.000.000 Mark


October 30th 1915


October 19, 1916


Sunk on 16 August 1921 in shooting attempts


180 meters


30 meters


Max. 9,39 meters


Max. 32.200 Tons


1.171 Men


14 Marine Boiler
3 Schichau turbines
2 oars


56.275 PS (41.390 kW)

Maximum speed:  

21,0 kn (39 km/h)


8 × rapid fire cannon 38 cm L / 45 (720 shots)

16 × rapid fire cannon 15 cm L / 45 (2,560 rounds)

2 × Flak 8.8 cm L / 45 (800 shots)

5 × torpedo tube Ø 60 cm (1 in the bow, 4 in the sides, under water)



Belt: 30-350 mm
Deck: 90-120 mm
Towers: 100-350 mm
Barbettes: 40-350 mm
Casemates: 170 mm
front command post: 50-400 mm
aft command post: 50-170 mm
Citadel: 250 mm
Torpedo bulkhead: 50 mm
Transverse bulkhead: 170-200 mm






You can find the right literature here:


German Battleships 1914–18 (1): Deutschland, Nassau and Helgoland classes (New Vanguard)

German Battleships 1914–18 (1): Deutschland, Nassau and Helgoland classes (New Vanguard) Paperback – February 23, 2010

Supported by official documents, personal accounts, official drawings and specially commissioned artwork, this volume is an enlightening history of the Deutschland to Osfriesland classes. Detailing the last of the pre-dreadnaught battleship classes, this book goes on to explain the revolutionary developments that took place within the German Imperial Navy as they readied themselves for war. This included creating vessels with vast increases in size and armament. This account of design and technology is supplemented by individual ship histories detailing combat experience complete with first-hand accounts. The specially commissioned artwork also brings this history to life with recreations of the battleship Pommern fighting at Jutland and ships of the Osfriesland class destroying HMS Black Prince in a dramatic night-time engagement.

Click here!



The Imperial German Navy of World War I, Vol. 1 Warships: A Comprehensive Photographic Study of the Kaiser’s Naval Forces

The Imperial German Navy of World War I, Vol. 1 Warships: A Comprehensive Photographic Study of the Kaiser’s Naval Forces Hardcover – December 28, 2016

The Imperial German Navy of WWI is a series of books (Warships, Campaigns, & Uniforms) that provide a broad view of the Kaiser's naval forces through the extensive use of photographs. Every effort has been made to cover all significant areas during the war period. In addition to the primary use of photographs, technical information is provided for each warship along with its corresponding service history; with a special emphasis being placed on those warships that participated in the Battle of Skagerrak (Jutland). Countless sources have been used to establish individual case studies for each warship; multiple photos of each warship are provided. The entire series itself is unprecedented in its coverage of the Kaiser's navy.

Click here!



German Battlecruisers of World War One: Their Design, Construction and Operations

German Battlecruisers of World War One: Their Design, Construction and Operations Hardcover – November 4, 2014

This is the most comprehensive, English-language study of the German Imperial Navy's battlecruisers that served in the First World War. Known as Panzerkreuzer, literally "armored cruiser," the eight ships of the class were to be involved in several early North Sea skirmishes before the great pitched battle of Jutland where they inflicted devastating damage on the Royal Navy's battlecruiser fleet. This book details their design and construction, and traces the full service history of each ship, recounting their actions, drawing largely from first-hand German sources and official documents, many previously unpublished in English.

Click here!



The Kaiser's Battlefleet: German Capital Ships 1871-1918

The Kaiser's Battlefleet: German Capital Ships 1871-1918 Hardcover – March 15, 2016

The battleships of the Third Reich have been written about exhaustively, but there is little in English devoted to their Second Reich predecessors. This new book fills an important gap in the literature of the period by covering these German capital ships in detail and studying the full span of battleship development during this period. The book is arranged as a chronological narrative, with technical details, construction schedules, and ultimate fates tabulated throughout, thus avoiding the sometimes disjointed structure that can result from a class-by-class approach. Heavily illustrated with line drawings and photographs, many from German sources, the book offers readers a fresh visual look at these ships. A key objective of the book is to make available a full synthesis of the published fruits of archival research by German writers found in the pre-World War II books of Koop & Schmolke, Großmer's on the construction program of the dreadnaught era, Forstmeier & Breyer on World War I projects, and Schenk & Nottelmann's papers in Warship International. As well as providing data not available in English-language books, these sources correct significant errors in standard English sources.

Click here!






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