The Etrich Taube was a lightweight single-engine two-seater sport, reconnaissance and training aircraft, developed by the Austrian Igo Etrich, which was used as the first standard aircraft by the German Air Force. The Taube was built by numerous manufacturers, including the German manufacturer Rumpler aircraft works, where the name Rumpler Taube comes from.
Development and construction:
The development of the Taube was based on the release of the flight characteristics of a palm-like tropical plant called Zanonia macrocarpa from Java. These research results were published in 1897 by the Hamburg Professor Friedrch Ahlborn, after which the Austrian pilot and aircraft designer Igo Etrich developed together with Franz Wels from the shape of the seed a wing.
Initially, this prototype was designed only as a glider, but after the flight characteristics were so balanced until 1909, could be installed by Porsche supplied 60PS engine. The first flight of the motorized Taube took place on 30.07.1909.
For the construction was almost exclusively used wood, tension fabric and bamboo sticks. Due to the hydrofoil shape based on the Zanonia vine, the aircraft was quite stable in the air, despite the absence of ailerons and wing flaps. Fast changes of direction were not possible.
In Germany, the aircraft was first built and sold under license by the entrepreneur Edmund Rumpler. As it became clear that Igo Etrich could not register a patent for the aircraft for Germany, Rumpler omitted the license payments and drove away the airplane under the name Rumpler pigeon on.
Due to the lack of patens, the aircraft type was not only built and sold under the name Rumpler Taube, but also under the name:
- Germania A.I
- Gotha A.I
- Jeannin A
Use in the First World War:
During the First World War, the Taube was only used as a reconnaissance plane, as it had neither armor or weapons, nor their speed would have been sufficient.
Only during the Battle of Tannenberg was a reconnaissance aircraft able to detect the movement of the Russian army and report this further, which led to the victory of the Germans in this battle.
Already six months after the outbreak of the war, the aircraft of the type Taube were withdrawn from the front and served only the training of pilots.
Etrich (Rumpler) Taube
School and reconnaissance aircraft
650 kg empty
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