The Zeppelin (Staaken) R.VI was the most successful long-range bomber of the company Zeppelin, which was built and used during the First World War. Together with the Gotha G.IV bombers London was bombed with this plane.
Development and construction:
At the end of 1914, the German army commanders demanded a heavy bomber from the German aircraft manufacturers to replace the no longer up-to-date zeppelins for strategic bombardments.
In addition to other companies, the company Zeppelin began with the development of such an aircraft. The first two prototypes called VGO.I and VGO.II were three powered biplanes. The next three prototypes VGO.III, VGO.IV and VGO.V had six engines.
Only with the VGO.VI, which was renamed later in Zeppelin (Staaken) R.VI, the otherwise usual four engines were used. At the driver's cab for the first time glass was installed to make it easier to fly in bad weather. A total of 18 aircraft of this type were built and delivered to the front.
Of the successor models is only known that the prototype of the Zeppelin (Staaken) R.VII crashed in a test flight. Other variants were still of the Zeppelin (Staaken) R.XIV, the Zeppelin (Staaken) R.XV and the Zeppelin (Staaken) R.XVI, which were built with five or last with four engines.
Use in the First World War:
The Zeppelin (Staaken) R.VI aircraft were used from mid-September 1917 along with the Gotha IV bombers to fly from Belgium from air raids on London.
Although the damage to buildings and the infrastructure remained low, the psychological impact was much greater. Especially since the beginning of 1918, the British had no aircraft that could fly so high to attack the bombers, only with the development of better anti-aircraft guns could these be fought.
Of the 18 aircraft delivered to the front, six were still in use at the end of the war. Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany had to either extradite or destroy all its bombers.
|Designation:||Zeppelin (Staaken) R.VI|
|Engine:||four liquid-cooled Mercedes-D IVa six-cylinder in-line engines with each 260 hp|
|Maximum speed:||135 km/h|
|Armament:||4 - 7 x 7,92 mm Parabellum LMG 08/15 machine guns and up to 2000 kg bombs|
You can find the right literature here:
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The standard reference now revised and expanded. Dr. Robinson has opened up his vast photo archives to enhance this new edition of his classic work. Much of the new photographic material is published here for the first time.