The Gotha G.IV was the first bomber of the company Gothaer Waggonfabrik, which was produced in larger quantities and had first carried out attacks on England.
Development and construction:
Under the direction of the designer Hans Burkhard, the successor model was built with only a few changes based on the findings of Gotha G.III. Since these bombers were intended as a long-range bomber for use against the British mainland, during the development was taken to ensure that the aircraft through its hull made of plywood emergency landing on the water and there swimming for some time.
Furthermore, the lateral stability was stabilized by additional ailerons, which was criticized in G.III. Similarly, for the shooter at the rear again a hole for shooting down was installed. An additional third and fourth machine gun should increase the firepower of the aircraft. Overall, the flight performance could be improved only slightly compared to the previous model.
From November 1916 to February 1917, the company ordered a total of 50 aircraft. In addition, 100 pieces of the Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft A.G. and 80 pieces built in the Siemens Schuckert Werken. At the LVG and Siemens, the German Army Command demanded that the aircraft built there should be given a stronger hull. In order to implement this project, some adjustments had to be made, so that the Gotha G.IV were built and used in three different variants.
Use in the First World War:
From March 1917, the first Gotha G.IV were delivered to the combat squadron of the Supreme Army Command 1 in Ghent, Belgium. From there, the air raids on London were flown in May 1917. At first, mainly during the daytime, when the British air defense became stronger and stronger, the attacks were flown from September 1917 only at night. In August 1918, the last Gotha G.IV were exchanged for the Gotha G.V.
Around 40 Gotha G.IV aircraft were also delivered to Austria-Hungary, which used these aircraft at the front to Italy until the end of the war.
|Mass:||2400 kg empty|
|Crew:||3 to 4|
|Engine:||two water-cooled six-cylinder inline engines Mercedes D IVa with each 260 hp|
|Maximum speed:||140 km/h|
|Armament:||3 - 4 x 7,92 mm Parabellum LMG 08/15 machine guns and up to 500 kg bombs|
You can find the right literature here:
Fokker Dr I Aces of World War 1 (Aircraft of the Aces)
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Friedrichshafen Aircraft of WWI: A Centennial Perspective on Great War Airplanes (Great War Aviation) (Volume 21)
This book describes and illustrates the development of Friedrichshafen aircraft of WWI with text, 540 photos, 18 in color, 37 color profiles, production quantities and serial numbers of aircraft, and aircraft dimensions and performance specifications. In addition, there are 26 official SVK drawings and 11 aircraft are illustrated in scale drawings to 1/48 (4) or 1/72 (7) scales. The book has 312 pages and is of interest to aviation historians, enthusiasts, and modelers alike.
German and Austro-Hungarian Aircraft Manufacturers 1908-1918
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The Zeppelin in Combat: A History of the German Naval Airship Division
The standard reference now revised and expanded. Dr. Robinson has opened up his vast photo archives to enhance this new edition of his classic work. Much of the new photographic material is published here for the first time.