The Gotha G.V was the evolution of the G.IV and should be able to carry more payload of bombs and have a greater range by installing stronger engines.
Development and construction:
The designer Hans Burkhard set in the development of Gotha G.V on the previous model, the Gotha G.IV. There were only changes in the engines, again with the 260 hp Mercedes D IVa were used, but these were slightly modified. In addition, the fuel tanks were no longer mounted by the engines on the wing but integrated in the fuselage. This should reduce the risk of fire in the event of hits or engine overheating.
In the course of production some changes were made, so that there were the Gotha G.V still versions Gotha G.Va and Gotha G.Vb. On these aircraft, the bow was shortened a bit and a biplane Heckleitwerk with double rudders installed to improve the field of fire of the rear shooter.
A total of 325 pieces were built by the Gotha G.V versions.
In the months leading up to the end of the war, both the designer Rösner and the engineer Burkhard developed further Gotha bombers. The Gotha G.VI, G.VII, Gotha G.VIII and the Gotha G.IX hardly differed from the G.V, only other engines and only little technical changes were made. Except for the Gotha G.VII of which a total of eight aircraft were built, the others remained in the status of the prototype. The engineer Burkhard Gotha G.X was the first developed an all-metal aircraft of the Gotha series, which should fly attacks on England by day due to its strong armor again. Due to the capitulation, no other aircraft was built in addition to the prototype.
Use in the First World War:
From the autumn of 1917, the first Gotha G.V were brought to the front and flew until early 1918, together with the Gotha G.IV aircraft attacks on London and the south of England. With the beginning of the German spring offensive from 21 March to 17 July 1918 these were used to support the ground troops.
The Gotha G.V aircraft remain in service until the end of the war.
|Mass:||2570 kg empty|
|Engine:||two water-cooled 6-cylinder inline engines Mercedes D IVa with each 260 hp|
|Maximum speed:||140 km/h|
|Armament:||2 - 3 x 7,92 mm Parabellum LMG 08/15 machine guns and up to 1000 kg bombs|
You can find the right literature here:
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