The Roland C.II aircraft were not only the smallest used on the German side two-seater of the First World War, it was also the first aircraft whose development was based on the findings of a test in the wind tunnel and, accordingly, the aircraft were particularly aerodynamically designed.
Development and construction:
After the development of the prototype Roland C.I began 1915 under the direction of Professor Ludwig Prandtl for the first time the development of an airplane with the results of a wind tunnel attempt. This was carried out in the aerodynamic research institute in Göttingen and served the construction of streamlined hulls and wings, which should improve on the one hand the speed and on the other hand the stability of airplanes. Due to the results, it was also possible to build the aircraft very small, so this offered the smallest attack surface for enemy shooters.
Through these tests, the company Luftfahrzeug-Gesellschaft m.b.H. with the Roland C.II deliver the most aerodynamically constructed aircraft to the German army.
The aircraft was equipped with a 160PS Mercedes D III engine. Although there were engines that had a higher horsepower at this time, in contrast to the D III, these were not yet mature enough. In arming a swiveling parabellum machine gun 14 was installed for the observer. In the first series of the aircraft, the pilot had no machine gun, only with the second series was mounted on the C.II the 08/15 Spandau machine gun.
After the production of C.II had begun, work was already on a successor model. The Roland C.III had eight braces between the wings instead of two large I-stems and was equipped with the 200PS Benz Bz IV engine. However, the C.III prototype was destroyed in a factory fire.
Use in the First World War:
From March 1916, the first aircraft of the type Roland C.II were brought to the front and were able to oppose by their flight characteristics most Allied aircraft.
The biggest drawback of the aircraft, however, proved in the bad view of the pilot down which made landings difficult. Thus, it was not uncommon for serious accidents on landing.
From the spring of 1917, the departure of aircraft from the fronts was begun to replace them with stronger models. Until the end of the war, these served as training aircraft or were sold to the Allied states.
Overall, the Roland C.II produced around 300 aircraft.
|Designation:||L.F.G. Roland C.II|
|Typ:||Armed reconnaissance aircraft|
|Engine:||water-cooled six-cylinder in-line engine Mercedes D III with 160hp|
|Maximum speed:||165 km/h|
|Armament:||1 machine gun 7,92 mm Parabellum, 1 x 7,92 mm 08/15 Spandau machine gun and up to 4 x 12.5Kg bombs|
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